Kenya’s constitution which was promulgated in 2010 covers animal rights, both domestic and wild animals. In Chapter 5 Part 2 (Environment and Natural Resources), the constitution obligates the state to protect biodiversity. The Fourth Schedule further explains the roles of the two levels of government in promoting animal welfare; the national government is responsible for protection of wild animals in conservation areas while the county governments are mandated to seeing the welfare of domestic animals. The Kenyan parliament passed the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act (2012) which was a revised version of the earlier law passed in 1983. The new law is broader and aims to control the treatment of animals including their use in experiments.
The law states that cruelty towards an animal is prohibited. These include committing violence on the animal, overworking it while unwell, starvation and denial of water, abandonment, poisoning, careless surgery procedures, hunting and killing in a cruel manner, and prolonging the life of an animal in great pain.
This law also prohibits placement of traps and snares that cause unnecessary suffering to an animal and failing to check on a trapped animal, as well as willfully poisoning of animals. Slaughtering an animal in a manner that causes unnecessary suffering is also prohibited. This is why the KSPCA was instrumental in introducing humane slaughter of animals in Kenya. After having seen the way animals suffer in abattoirs, the KSPCA embarked on a humane slaughter program promoting the use of captive bolt pistols, which are imported together with blank ammunition, that are sold to the abattoirs at cost price. The KSPCA inspectors teach slaughter houses staff on proper use of humane killers and their maintenance.
Training an animal in a cruel manner that inflicts pain and terror is prohibited. These includes use of whips, goads, and electrical shocks. So is performing acts of entertainment where an animal is made to suffer, including fighting. Hawking of animals in a cruel manner is also illegal.
For more information, refer to the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act